He worked as an assistant to John French in The following year he began his career as a fashion photographer, working for numerous magazines, including vogue, Elle,. Bailey was most innovative photographers of the s. He worked consistently with one model, in the s Jean Shrimpton and later Marie Helvin, concentrating on the relationship between the girl and the clothes, emphasizing the freedom of fashion with clear, striking, uncomplicated pictures.
During the s he began directing films and since then has produced several books of his photographs. Baker, Josephine Music-hall artist. Born in St. Louis, Missouri, USA. Baker was attracted to the theater and to music and dance from an early age and left home at sixteen to join a touring theatrical troupe from Philadelphia. After appearing in the choruses of shows in Boston and on Broadway in the early s, she joined the Revue Negre, with which she traveled to London and Paris. Baker made black skin fashionable and promoted beads, necklets, bracelets, anklets, brightly dyed gloves, bangs fringes and colorful costumes.
She often appeared on stage naked or wearing only a feathered loincloth. A maillot of tulle, decorated with diamante, was designed for one of her performances. Josephine Baker shocked and enthralled the world with her exotic dancing and various states of undress. She could be seen at the Folies-Bergere in outfits such as this ostrich feather dress.
Leon Nikolaevich Born Lev Rosenberg in Petersburg, Russia. Bakst attended the Imperial Academy of Arts in St. Petersburg and worked for many years in that fashionable city. In he went to Paris to prepare the Russian section of the artists' Salon d'Automne. Working between two cities, Bakst founded a liberal school of painting in St. Petersburg and produced plays for. His contribution to fashion comes through his association with the Ballets Russes, for which he designed vivid, brilliantly.
For soldiers in the two world wars, British and US women knitted balaclavas in khaki, a color used for camouflage.
s stylish twisted hat and muff sewing pattern
The cuff around the neck of a balaclava may be drawn up over the chin and mouth. The balaclava was seen as a fashion item on the runways of Paris during the s. Balenciaga, Cristobal 1 Born in Guetaria, near San Sebastian, Spain. Balenciaga's talents revealed themselves early. By the age of fourteen he was already able to copy couturier clothes. He trained as a tailor and in opened a dressmaking and tailoring establishment in San Sebastian. By the early s he had The unmistakably dramatic of a Balenciaga suit,.
Balenciaga moved to Paris between and His tailoring background enabled him to design, cut, put together, and sew a gown. Balenciaga was not an advocate of popular trends; his clothes were often formal: uncluttered, balanced, and restrained. He frequently used somber colors, such as shades of dark brown, though he later gained a reputation as a colorist and in a collection of the late s showed lambswool that had been dyed bright yellow and pink.
Balenciaga emphasized the stark elegance of his designs by using blocks of white against darker tones. In he introduced a dropped shoulder line with a nipped-in waist and rounded hips, a style that prefigured the new look. After the war he showed jackets with more natural waistlines and large sleeves. In pillbox hats featured in his collections. Ten years later Balenciaga created a distinctive line by raising the hemlines of his dresses and coats at the front and dropping them sharply at the back. In the same year, , he presented a loose chemise dress, known as the sack.
During the s he showed loose, full jackets with dolman sleeves. Models at his shows wore harlequin tights and he was one of the first designers to put his models into bodystockings. His name is still associated with large buttons and a collar which, raised on a band, stands away from the throat and neck. Considered to be purist and classicist, Balenciaga made garments that were instantly identifiable. Balkan blouse Low-waisted blouse with full sleeves which became fashionable in Europe after the Balkan Wars Most versions are cut off the shoulder with decollete necklines.
The ball gown has changed little in shape since the mid19th century.
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Although man-made fabrics are now sometimes used, the most common fabrics are satin, silk, taffeta, and velvet with trimmings of lace, pearls, sequins, embroidery, ruffles, and ruching. Ribbons are often sewn to the slipper and wound criss-cross around the ankle. Ballet shoes, without.
Russes Series of ballets devised by Sergei diaghilev in Russia in the early years of the zoth century. For the first time the decor, costumes, and music were integral parts of the dance itself, which relied on mime. The colors, fabrics, and designs of the costumes strongly influenced fashion. Inspired by the Orient, the costumes were unrestrained, fluid, and brightly colored, in contrast to the rigidly constructed shapes and pale, delicate hues of the late 19th century.
Many designs were painted on to linen, or applique was used on various cloths, particularly velvet. Trends were created for richly embroidered satins and silks, harem pants, aigrettes, Ballets. The Ballets Russes first appeared in Paris in , one year later in London.
See also bakst and. It was gathered at the waist and seamed to curve in toward the knees where it was held in place by a circular band on the hem.https://viptarif.ru/wp-content/conversations/952.php
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See also cardin. Balmacaans were worn by men in the 19th century and had been adapted to womenswear by the end of the century. Balmain, Pierre Alexandre Jean de Maurienne, France. Balmain's family owned a wholesale drapery business. Balmain studied architecture at the Ecole des Beaux Arts in Paris but did not complete his studies. He worked for molyneux between and and then spent two years at lelong, where he met dior. Balmain opened his own house in In that year he showed long, bellshaped skirts with small waists a line that became popular in as part of Dior's new look.
In he opened branches in the USA selling ready-to-wear clothes. Balmain's success in the USA is attributed to the fact that he was able to translate French fashion into clothes for the American woman's generally larger frame, without compromising style.
Balmain designed many sportswear collections for this ready-to-wear market. His talent as a designer lay in his ability to make simple, tailored suits as well as grand evening gowns, in the same slender, supple, and elegant lines. His clothes were not fussy but fun elegant fun. During the s he popularized the stole for day as well as evening wear and created a vogue for sheath dresses beneath jackets. His coats were generously cut to give a full back and were sometimes half-belted.
In the same period, his cossACK-like wraps and capes were trendsetters. Balmain was noted as a designer. Balmoral boot In the mid-i9th century Queen Victoria's devotion to her Scottish estate at Balmoral helped popularize in the UK fashions for tartan and garments named after Scottish towns.
The Balmoral boot covered the ankle, had a thick sole, and was suitable for walking. Made of leather, it was decorated with brass eyelet holes and elaborate stitching. Balmoral petticoat White or gray horsehair petticoat worn instead of a cage crinoline from the mid-i9th century. The name was given to the large, brightly colored handkerchiefs produced by this process.
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The bandannas used by cowboys in the American West were often quite simple pieces of cloth dyed one color which could be worn around the neck or pulled up over the chin, mouth, and nose as protection against dust or as a means of concealing identity. Bandannas were worn, tucked into denim shirts, during the s and s, particularly in the USA, when cowboy clothes were popular. See also tie-dye. From the French for "band. Drawings by Rene Gruau. Born in Ebbw Vale, Wales.
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Banks studied textile and interior design at Camberwell School of Art,. London, from to In he opened a shop called Clobber, in London, where he sold both his own designs and those of others. In he became involved with the establishment of the Warehouse Utility chain of shops which provides inexpensive He has worked freelance for a number of companies, including liberty. Throughout the s Banks was completely in tune with contemporary fashions.
With an imaginative use of inexpensive fabrics he was able to provide young women with access to fashion without compromising taste. He continues to do this through the Warehouse chain in the s. Sons for a Banlon Tradename of the US firm Joseph Bancroft process that texturalizes yarn, adding crimp and stretch to synthetic fabrics.
Banlon fiber was popular in the s, made up into socks, sweaters, and dresses. Banton, Travis His early design career took place in New York with a dress manufacturer and he did not go to. In the s he designed for Claudette Colbert, Marlene Dietrich, Kay other Paramount stars and set the Francis, Greta garbo, Carole Lombard, and Mae West Paramount hallmark of elegant, sensuous clothes, which were often cut on the bias.