The Creeds formed before the Reformation are very few, relate to the fundamental principles of Christianity, especially the Trinity and the Person of the God-man, and are the common heritage of the whole Church. This was not written by the apostles, but was gradually formed, by common consent, out of the Confessions adopted severally by particular churches, and used in the reception of its members.
It reached its present form, and universal use among all the churches, about the close of the second century.
Confession of faith
I believe in the Holy Ghost; the Holy Catholic Church; the communion of saints, the forgiveness of sins; the resurrection of the body; and the life everlasting. The Nicene Creed. In its present form it is the Creed of the whole Christian Church, the Greek Church rejecting only the last added clause. It is as follows:. He suffered and was buried; and the third day he rose again according to the Scriptures, and ascended into heaven, and sitteth on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again with glory to judge both the quick and the dead; whose kingdom shall have no end.
And I believe in the Holy Ghost, the Lord the Giver of life, who proeeedeth from the Father and the Son filioque , who with the Father and the Son together is worshipped and glorified; who spake by the prophets.
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And I believe in one Catholic and Apostolic Church; I acknowledge one baptism for the remission of sins; and I look for the resurrection of the dead and the life of the world to come. As subsequently heretical opinions sprang up in its bosom with respect to the constitution of the person of Christ, the Church was forced to provide additional definitions and muniments of the truth.
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One heretical tendency culminated in Nestorianism, which maintains that the divine and human natures in Christ constitute two persons. This was condemned by the Creed of the Council of Ephesus, A. The opposite heretical tendency culminated in Eutychianism, which maintains that the divine and human natures are so united in Christ as to form but one nature. This was condemned by the Council of Chalcedon, A.
A Short History of Creeds and Confessions
These Creeds, defining the faith of the Church as embracing two natures in one person , are received and approved by the entire Church. The Athanasian Creed. This Creed was evidently composed long after the death of the great theologian whose name it bears, and after the controversies closed and the definitions established by the above-mentioned Councils of Ephesus and Chalcedon.
It is a grand and unique monument of the unchangeable faith of the whole Church as to the great mysteries of godliness, the Trinity of Persons in the one God and the duality of natures in the one Christ. It is too long to quote here in full.
Historic Confessions | Reformed Theology and Apologetics
What relates to the Person of the God-man is as follows:. But it is necessary to eternal salvation that he should also faithfully believe in the incarnation of our Lord Jesus Christ.
It is therefore true faith that we believe and confess that our Lord Jesus Christ is both God and man. He is God; generated from eternity from the substance of the Father; man born in time from the substance of his Mother. Perfect God, perfect man, subsisting of a rational soul and human flesh. Equal to the Father in respect to his divinity, less than the Father in respect to his humanity.
Who, although he is God and man, is not two, but one Christ. But two not from the conversion of divinity into flesh, but from the assumption of his humanity into God. One not at all from confusion of substance, but from unity of Person. The deliverances of this Council, entitled Canons and Decrees of the Council of Trent, form the highest doctrinal rule known to that Church.
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The decrees contain the positive statements of doctrine The canons explain the decrees, distribute the matter under brief heads and condemn the opposing of Protestant doctrine on each point. The Tridentine Confession of Faith was also imposed upon all the priests and candidates of the Romish Church and converts from other churches. In addition to these, different papal bulls and some private writings have been authoritatively set up as standards of the true faith by the authority of popes; e.
The ancient Church divided from causes primarily political and ecclesiastical, secondarily doctrinal and ritual, into two great sections—the Eastern or Greek Church, and the Western or Latin Church. This division began to culminate in the seventh, and was consummated in the eleventh century.
A Short Form of Confession
The Greek Church embraces Greece, the majority of the Christians of the Turkish Empire and the great mass of the civilized inhabitants of Russia. All the Protestant churches have originated through the Reformation from the Western or Roman Church. The Belgic Confession became the basis of a counter to the Arminian controversy that arose in the following century and was opposed by Arminius himself. This revision was drafted in the French language — The Belgic Confession consists of 37 articles which deal with the doctrines of God , , Scripture , humanity 14 , sin 15 , Christ , salvation , , the Church , and the end times The first French edition is extant in four printings, two from and two from The first Latin translation was made from Junius's text by Theodore Beza , or under his direction, for the Harmonia Confessionum Geneva, , and passed into the first edition of the Corpus et Syntagma Confessionum Geneva, A second Latin translation was prepared by Festus Hommius for the Synod of Dort, , revised and approved ; and from it was made the English translation in use in the Reformed Dutch Church in America.
It appeared in Greek , , and , at Utrecht. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Reformed confessions of faith.